Introduction to Criminology: Module 2
Chukwunka, C.A.C. (2015)
The Enlightenment thinking was the pillar of the classical approach to crime. It introduced a much more rational and fair system for organizing punishments and control of crime. It had much less of a focus on the criminal per se and since had little concern with establishing the causes of crime. The main contributors to this school were Cesare Beccaria (1738-1794), Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832), Rousseau (1712-1778), Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679), John Locke (1632-1704), William Blackstone (1723-1780), and Paul Feuerbach (1775-1833). But the focus of this unit will consider the contributions of Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham. At the end of this unit, you should be able to: • discuss the contribution of Cesare Beccaria to criminology • explain the main focus of the classical school, and • state the contribution of Jeremy Bentham to the treatment of offenders.
National Open University of Nigeria (NOUN)